Guest Editorial: Incumbent candidate Powell takes issue with challenger Wright on same sex marriage
As Park City’s and Heber City’s current representative in the Utah House of Representatives, I try to follow the path of reason, logic and moderation in all my decisions of public policy.
Glenn Wright, chairman of the Summit County Democratic Party and my opponent in the current election, wrote last week in The Park Record that my views on same-sex marriage should "disqualify [me] from further representation of this district."
I was surprised by Mr. Wright’s extreme statement because I have publicly reaffirmed that I support the rights of legally-married same-sex couples to joint inheritance, employment benefits, pensions, tax filing, medical treatment, and health insurance, in the same manner as these legal rights are enjoyed by opposite-sex couples.
Where Mr. Wright and I differ, apparently, is in his belief that laws regarding reproduction and parenthood should be exactly the same for gay couples, lesbian couples and heterosexual couples. I maintain that laws for these different types of relationships will naturally be different, due to the inherent biological distinctions between each of these unions.
For example, current Utah law provides that when a child is born to a married woman, the man to whom she is married is legally presumed to be the child’s parent. But when a child is born to a woman in a same-sex marriage, I am hesitant to impose upon her spouse a similar automatic presumption of parental rights and responsibilities over that child, unless the spouse has affirmatively agreed in advance to become the parent of that child.
Surrogacy laws are another area of difference. Utah law provides that surrogacy arrangements are valid only when the "intended mother" is unable to reproduce. Two married men who wish to become parents will obviously need a different law to apply to them.
Adoption also presents different questions for same-sex couples. Utah law requires a natural parent of a child to terminate his or her own parental rights before another adult can adopt the child. With same-sex marriage, however, some couples may wish to preserve the parental relationship with the opposite-sex parent when the unrelated same-sex spouse adopts the child.
None of these, or many other, questions regarding same-sex marriage will be easy to answer, but the Utah legislature will need to answer them by thoughtfully considering and passing new laws. Unlike differences of race, differences of gender produce different results regarding parenthood that the law must address, and reasonable people can disagree on the specific policies the legislature may pass to resolve these questions.
People who disagree with the passage of particular legislative policies will go to court to challenge those policies. This will likely lead to an era of litigation by all sides, similar to what our country experienced with the abortion case of Roe v. Wade. In that case, the court had to balance the right to life of unborn children with the right of women to obtain an abortion. The court ended up with a compromise position, which allows prohibition of abortion in some situations but not in others.
In the realm of same-sex parenting, the courts will be balancing the rights of children to be raised by their natural parents with the rights of adults to become parents through artificial means. The courts will also likely be asked to consider the right of children to have gender diversity among their parents, and the extent of a state’s authority to protect that right.
I will approach all of these line-drawing questions with an open mind, for I cannot believe that either side has no good points to make. As with the abortion laws that followed Roe v. Wade, I hope the answers will end up falling somewhere in the middle and not on the extremes, in order to strike a reasonable balance of public policy on this important topic.
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Dozens of physicians at Park City Hospital urge community members in a guest editorial to adhere to health guidelines to prevent illness and save lives.